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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 161, Issue 1–4, pp 271–280 | Cite as

Effects of crude oil residuals on soil chemical properties in oil sites, Momoge Wetland, China

  • Xiaoyu Wang
  • Jiang Feng
  • Jimin Zhao
Article

Abstract

Crude oil exploration and production has been the largest anthropogenic factor contributing to the degradation of Momoge Wetland, China. To study the effects of crude oil on wetland soils, we examined the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP), as well as pH and electricity conductivity (EC) from oil sites and uncontaminated areas in the Momoge Wetland. All contaminated areas had significantly higher (p < 0.05) contents of TPH and TOC, but significantly lower (p < 0.05) TN contents than those of the uncontaminated areas. Contaminated sites also exhibited significantly higher (p < 0.05) pH values, C/N and C/P ratios. For TP contents and EC, no significant changes were detected. The level of soil contamination and impact of oil residuals on soil quality greatly depended on the length of time the oil well was in production. Oil residuals had caused some major changes in the soils’ chemical properties in the Momoge Wetland.

Keywords

Hydrocarbon Momoge Wetland Petroleum exploration and production Soil contamination Wetland degradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration of National Environmental ProtectionNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Urban and Environmental ScienceNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology of Education Ministry, Institute of Grassland ScienceNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.School of Life ScienceChangchun Normal UniversityChangchunChina

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