Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 142, Issue 1–3, pp 117–126 | Cite as

Monitoring of trace elements in honey from the Republic of Macedonia by atomic absorption spectrometry

  • Elena Stankovska
  • Trajče Stafilov
  • Robert Šajn


Contents of Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cd, Na, K, Ca and Mg in 123 honey samples from different regions of the Republic of Macedonia were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. A microwave digestion system was applied for digestion of the samples. The mean content for the elements determined was found to be: 2.252, 0.696, 1.885, 1.752, 0.004, 29.52, 984.8, 40.11, 18.24 mg kg−1 for Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Cd, Na, K, Ca and Mg, respectively. Based on a comparison of statistical parameters, the spatial distribution of particular elements in Macedonian honey and the results of factor analysis, two natural and one anthropogenic geochemical associations were identified. The natural geochemical associations (Mg, Mn, Ca, K and Fe, Zn, Ca, –K, –Na) are influenced mainly by lithology. The anthropogenic associations (Cd and –Cu) are mostly a result of metallurgical activities, namely lead production in the town of Veles.


Honey Trace elements Microwave digestion Atomic absorption spectrometry Factor analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Stankovska
    • 1
  • Trajče Stafilov
    • 1
  • Robert Šajn
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceSts. Cyril and Methodius UniversitySkopjeMacedonia
  2. 2.Geological Survey of SloveniaLjubljanaSlovenia

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