Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 136, Issue 1–3, pp 391–399 | Cite as

Monitoring and assessment of toxic metals in Gulf War oil spill contaminated soil using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

  • T. Hussain
  • M. A. Gondal


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied for the detection of toxic metals in oil spill contaminated soil (OSCS). The OSCS samples were collected from Khursania Saudi Arabia along the coast of Persian Gulf exposed to oil spills in 1991 Gulf war. Environmentally important elements like Aluminum Magnesium, Calcium, Chromium, Titanium, Strontium, Iron, Barium, Sodium, potassium, Zirconium and Vanadium from the contaminated soil have been detected. Optimal experimental conditions for analysis were investigated. The LIBS system was calibrated using standard samples containing these trace elements. The results obtained using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) were compared with the results obtained using Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy (ICP). The concentrations of some elements (Ba and Cr) were found higher than permissible safe limits. Health risks associated with exposure to such toxic elements are also discussed.


LIBS Multi-elemental analysis Oil spill contaminated soil Environmental effects Laser spectroscopy and its applications Health risk assessment Trace metals Gulf War 1991 oil spill disaster 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Science & EngineeringNational University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)RawalpindiPakistan
  2. 2.Laser Research LaboratoryPhysics Department King Fahd University of Petroleum & MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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