Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 134, Issue 1–3, pp 355–361 | Cite as

Lead and cadmium concentrations in shorebirds from the Yeongjong Island, Korea



This study presents concentration levels of pollutants (lead, and cadmium) in tissues (livers, kidneys, muscles, and bones) of shorebirds (Kentish Plovers (n’’), Mongolian Plovers (n’’), Dunlins (n’’), Great Knots (n’’0), Terek Sandpipers (n’’0)) from Yeongjong Island, Korea in the East Asian–Australian migration flyways during the autumn migration in 1994’995. Lead concentrations in livers, in kidneys, in muscles, and in bones were significantly different among shorebird species. Lead concentrations in livers of Kentish Plovers (4.76±’.72 μg/wet g), Mongolian Plovers (2.05 μg/wet g), Dunlins (3.77±’.07 μg/wet g), and Great Knots (4.27±’.19 μg/wet g) were less than the toxic level, and lead concentrations in livers of Terek Sandpipers (1.20±’.94 μg/wet g) were at the background level. Cadmium concentrations in livers, in kidneys, in muscles, and in bones did not vary among shorebirds, and concentrations of cadmium in livers and in kidneys were at background level (respectively, approximate 1 μg/wet g, approximate 2.67 μg/wet g) in all shorebird species. We suggest that interspecific differences of lead and cadmium concentrations were attributed to differences in exposure time and differences of diet, microhabitats in wintering ground. In livers and kidney of shorebirds from Yeongjong Island, lead and cadmium concentrations were higher than other locations previously reported.


Concentration levels Pollutants Tissues Shorebirds 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and Applied ChemistryKyung Hee UniversitySuwonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of BiologyKyung Hee UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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