Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 128, Issue 1–3, pp 489–493 | Cite as

Global Attention to Turkey Due to Desertification

  • S. Camci Çetin
  • A. Karaca
  • K. Haktanır
  • H. Yildiz


Desertification has recognized as an environmental problem by many international organizations such as UN, NATO and FAO. Desertification in Turkey is generally caused by incorrect land use, excessive grazing, forest fires, urbanization, industry, genetic erosion, soil erosion, salinization, and uncontrolled wild type plants picking. Due to anthropogenic destruction of forest, steppe flora gradually became dominant in Anatolia. In terms of biodiversity, Turkey has a significant importance in Europe and Middle East. Nine thousands plant species naturally grown in Turkey, one third of them are endemic. Also, endemic species of vertebrates, thrive in the lakes and marshy areas. The studies of modelling simulation of vegetation on the effects of Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical period by using vegetation history showed that, in 2000 years BP, Mediterranean countries were more humid than today. Turkey is a special place on the global concern in terms of desertification because of biodiversity, agricultural potential, high population, social and economical structure, topographical factors and strategic regional location. Communication among scientists, decision makers and international non-profit organizations must be improved.


biodiversity climate desertification land degredation Turkey 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Camci Çetin
    • 1
  • A. Karaca
    • 2
  • K. Haktanır
    • 2
  • H. Yildiz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceFaculty of Agriculture, Gaziosmanpaşa UniversityTokatTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceFaculty of Agriculture, Ankara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Central Research Institute for Field CropsAnkaraTurkey

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