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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 114, Issue 1–3, pp 361–375 | Cite as

Lichen Diversity and Lichen Transplants as Monitors of Air Pollution in a Rural Area of Central Italy

  • Stefano Loppi
  • Luisa Frati
Article

Abstract

The results of a biomonitoring study carried out in the Municipality of Colle di Val d'Elsa (central Italy), using the diversity of epiphytic lichens and the accumulation of selected elements in thalli of the lichen Evernia prunastri transplanted in two urban sites are reported. The results indicate that the survey area suffers from different types of pollution. The main air pollutants are NO X and Pb. Vehicular traffic and domestic heating are the main sources of the former, and traffic and a crystal factory of the latter. Furthermore, most study area is eutrophicated due to diffuse agricultural activities and the presence of pig and sheep stockfarms.

Keywords

Biomonitoring Crystal Eutrophication Lead Nitrogen oxides Traffic 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali “G. Sarfatti”Università di SienaSienaItaly

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