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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 109, Issue 1–3, pp 65–72 | Cite as

Time Series Analysis to Monitor and Assess Water Resources: A Moving Average Approach

  • Rajesh Reghunath
  • T. R. Sreedhara Murthy
  • B. R. Raghavan
Article

Abstract

An understanding of the behavior of the groundwater body and its long-term trends are essential for making any management decision in a given watershed. Geostatistical methods can effectively be used to derive the long-term trends of the groundwater body. Here an attempt has been made to find out the long-term trends of the water table fluctuations of a river basin through a time series approach. The method was found to be useful for demarcating the zones of discharge and of recharge of an aquifer. The recharge of the aquifer is attributed to the return flow from applied irrigation. In the study area, farmers mainly depend on borewells for water and water is pumped from the deep aquifer indiscriminately. The recharge of the shallow aquifer implies excessive pumping of the deep aquifer. Necessary steps have to be taken immediately at appropriate levels to control the irrational pumping of deep aquifer groundwater, which is needed as a future water source. The study emphasizes the use of geostatistics for the better management of water resources and sustainable development of the area.

Keywords

long-term trends moving average Nethravathi river basin time series water table fluctuation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Reghunath
    • 1
  • T. R. Sreedhara Murthy
    • 1
  • B. R. Raghavan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine GeologyMangalore UniversityMangalagangotriIndia

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