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137Cs-Uptake into Wheat (Triticum Vulgare) Plants from Five Representative Soils of Bangladesh

  • B. Monira
  • S. M. Ullah
  • A. S. Mollah
  • N. Chowdhury
Article

Abstract

A pot experiment was conducted to study the uptake of 137Cs by wheat grown in five representative soils of Bangladesh having different soil characteristics. Artificial application of 137Cs increased the activity in soils up to 45.9 Bq/kg soil, measured at the end of the harvest of wheat crop. Different plant parts had different ability to accumulate 137Cs. Grains had the least activity and transfer factor, while the highest activity and lowest transfer factor were measured in roots, which restricted translocation of 137Cs to wheat straw. The result showed that the transfer factors (mean value) varied from 0.05 to 0.114 in wheat straw, 0.066–0.133 in roots and 0.011–0.043 in wheat grains. The activity and transfer factor of radioactive cesium in wheat plants were found to be greatly influenced by soil properties, i.e. clay content, K, organic matter, CEC, pH, exchangeable ions, etc. Cation exchange capacity and calcium in soils influenced positively, while clay minerals, exchangeable K and organic matter, negatively affected the 137Cs activity concentrations in wheat plants.

Keywords

137Cs soil transfer factor wheat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Monira
    • 1
  • S. M. Ullah
    • 1
  • A. S. Mollah
    • 2
  • N. Chowdhury
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil, Water and EnvironmentUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Bangladesh Atomic Energy CommissionDhaka

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