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European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 145, Issue 2, pp 345–361 | Cite as

Effects of plant morphological traits on phoma black stem in sunflower

  • André Aguiar Schwanck
  • Serge Savary
  • Philippe Debaeke
  • Patrick Vincourt
  • Laetitia Willocquet
Article

Abstract

Despite the importance of Phoma black stem of sunflower in France, no specific management tools are currently deployed to control this disease. The deployment of host plant resistance could be a cost-effective and sustainable way to manage the disease. Relationships between plant morphological traits and disease intensity may provide guidance towards the identification of sunflower morphological ideotypes associated with reduced disease intensity and therefore partial resistance. Such relationships were quantified in field experiments conducted over 2 years with a set of 21 sunflower genotypes, where several morphological attributes and several disease intensity variables were measured. Plant morphology was assessed prior to epidemic onset. Disease intensity was assessed at different scales of crop and plant hierarchy, using a nested sampling design, and implementing the concept of conditional disease intensity. The various analyses performed indicated that experimental plots grouped according to morphological attributes of sunflower at the flowering stage were associated with experimental plots grouped according to disease intensity variables, therefore indicating an association between morphological traits and disease intensity. Low disease intensity was associated with a morphological ideotype with large number of green leaves and tall stature. A sunflower plant morphological ideotype with more leaves and taller stature may represent an operational target in sunflower breeding when considering resistance to Phoma black stem.

Keywords

Helianthus annuus Leptosphaeria lindquistii Phoma macdonaldii Plant morphology Sunflower Botanical epidemiology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank LIPM (INRA-Toulouse), and particularly Marie-Claude Boniface, for contributing to the selection of sunflower genotypes, and for producing the seeds of experimental hybrids. This work was partly funded by the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Programa Ciência sem Fronteiras). Weather data was accessed at the CLIMATIK website of the AGROCLIM INRA group.

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Aguiar Schwanck
    • 1
    • 2
  • Serge Savary
    • 1
    • 2
  • Philippe Debaeke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Patrick Vincourt
    • 3
    • 4
  • Laetitia Willocquet
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.INRA, UMR1248 AGIRCastanet-Tolosan cedexFrance
  2. 2.Université Toulouse, INPT, UMR AGIRToulouseFrance
  3. 3.INRA, LIPM, UMR441Castanet TolosanFrance
  4. 4.CNRS, LIPM, UMR2594Castanet TolosanFrance

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