European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 134, Issue 3, pp 497–507 | Cite as

Development of molecular markers based on retrotransposons for the analysis of genetic variability in Moniliophthora perniciosa

  • Mateus Ferreira Santana
  • Elza Fernandes de Araújo
  • Jorge Teodoro de Souza
  • Eduardo Seiti Gomide Mizubuti
  • Marisa Vieira de Queiroz


Moniliophthora perniciosa is a fungus that causes witches’ broom disease (WBD) in the cacao tree (Theobroma cacao). The M. perniciosa genome contains different transposable elements; this prompted an evaluation of the use of its retrotransposons as molecular markers for population studies. The inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP) and retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism (REMAP) techniques were used to study the variability of 70 M. perniciosa isolates from different geographic origins and biotypes. A total of 43 loci was amplified. Cluster analysis of different geographical regions of C biotype revealed two large groups in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Techniques using retrotransposon-based molecular markers showed advantages over previously used molecular techniques for the study of genetic variability in M. perniciosa.


Retrotransposon Moniliophthora perniciosa Genetic variability IRAP REMAP 



We are grateful to Brazilian agencies CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico), and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior).


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Copyright information

© KNPV 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mateus Ferreira Santana
    • 1
  • Elza Fernandes de Araújo
    • 1
  • Jorge Teodoro de Souza
    • 2
  • Eduardo Seiti Gomide Mizubuti
    • 3
  • Marisa Vieira de Queiroz
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de MicrobiologiaInstituto de Biotecnologia Aplicada a Agropecuária (BIOAGRO), Universidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Biológicas e AmbientaisUniversidade Federal do Recôncavo da BahiaCruz das AlmasBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de FitopatologiaUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil

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