Fusarium species and DON contamination associated with head blight in winter wheat over a 7-year period (2003–2009) in Belgium
- 203 Downloads
The occurrence of Fusarium species in winter wheat in southern Belgium (Wallonia) and the deoxynivalenol content in 692 samples collected in commercial fields in the region’s main cereal growing area were investigated. The main Fusarium species associated with head blight in wheat were identified at levels that varied from year to year. Interactions between fungal species causing head blight in wheat were detected, most of them positive. The years 2007 and 2008 were very conducive to the disease and there was a strong correlation between mean annual deoxynivalenol content and number of days with a mean relative humidity above 80% over a period starting from 7 days before the mean flowering date and ending 16 days after this date. A two-stage approach, based on type of year (at risk or not) and agricultural practices during risk years has been developed to help cereal storage companies reduce the risk of mixing sound and deoxynivalenol-contaminated lots at harvest and to limit the number of analyses.
KeywordsDecision-support system Deoxynivalenol Fusarium Mycotoxin Wheat
The authors wish to thank Dr M. Cavelier (Walloon Agricultural Research Centre) for the critical review of the manuscript.
- Ambrus, A., & Soboleva, E. (2004). Contribution of sampling to the variability of residue data. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 87, 1368–1379.Google Scholar
- Audenaert, K., Van Broeck, R., De Witte, F., Heremans, B., Messens, K., Höfte, M., et al. (2009). Fusarium head blight in Flanders: population diversity, inter-species associations and DON contamination in commercial winter wheat varieties. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 125, 445–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Burgess, L. W., Summerell, B. A., Bulock, S., Gott, K. P., & Backhouse, D. (Eds.) (1994). Laboratory manual for fusarium research, 3rd Edn. Sidney: University of Sidney.Google Scholar
- Chandelier, A., Kestemont, M. H., Detrixhe, P., & Cavelier, M. (2003). Fungal pathogens associated with head blight in wheat: a 3-year analysis in Belgium. Aspects of Applied Biology, 68, 187–191.Google Scholar
- Giraud, F., Pasquali, M., El Jarroudi, M., Vrancken, C., Brochot, C., Cocco, E., et al. (2010). Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxin occurrence on winter wheat in Luxembourg in 2007/2008. Food Additives and Contaminants Part A-Chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment, 27, 825–835.Google Scholar
- Leslie, J. F., & Summerell, B. A. (Eds.) (2006). The Fusarium laboratory manual. Iowa: Blackwell PublishingGoogle Scholar
- Maiorano, A., Blandino, M., Reyneri, A., & Vanara, F. (2007). Effects of maize residues on the Fusarium spp. infection and deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination of wheat grain. Crop Sciences, 27, 182–188.Google Scholar
- Musa, T., Hecker, A., Vogelgsang, S., & Forrer, H. R. (2007). Forecasting of Fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol content in winter wheat with FusaProg. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO, 37, 283–289.Google Scholar
- Nirenberg, H. I. (1990). Recent advances in the taxonomy of Fusarium. Studies in Mycology, 32, 91–101.Google Scholar
- van der Voet, P., van Diepen, C. A., & Oude Voshaar, J. (1994). Spatial interpolation of meteorological data. A knowledge based procedure for the region of the European Communities. SC-DLO, report 53.3, DLO Winand Staring Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Xu, X. M., Monger, W., Ritieni, A., & Nicholson, P. (2007). Effect of temperature and duration of wetness during initial infection periods on disease development, fungal biomass and mycotoxin concentrations on wheat inoculated with single, or combinations of, Fusarium species. Plant Pathology, 56, 943–956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar