Suppression of Papaya ringspot virus infection in Carica papaya with CAP-34, a systemic antiviral resistance inducing protein from Clerodendrum aculeatum
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CAP-34, a protein from Clerodendrum aculeatum inducing systemic antiviral resistance was evaluated for control of Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) infection in Carica papaya. In control plants (treated with CAP-34 extraction buffer) systemic mosaic became visible around 20 days that intensified up to 30 days in 56% plants. During this period, CAP-34-treated papaya did not show any symptoms. Between 30 and 60 days, 95% control plants exhibited symptoms ranging from mosaic to filiformy. In the treated set during the same period, symptoms appeared in only 10% plants, but were restricted to mild mosaic. Presence of PRSV was determined in induced-resistant papaya at the respective observation times by bioassay, plate ELISA, immunoblot and RT-PCR. Back-inoculation with sap from inoculated resistant plants onto Chenopodium quinoa did not show presence of virus. The difference between control and treated sets was also evident in plate-ELISA and immunoblot using antiserum raised against PRSV. PRSV RNA was not detectable in treated plants that did not show symptoms by RT-PCR. Control plants at the same time showed a high intensity band similar to the positive control. We therefore suggest that the absence/delayed appearance of symptoms in treated plants could be due to suppressed virus replication.
KeywordsInduced systemic resistance Inhibition of virus replication RT-PCR Immunoblot ELISA
The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr R K Jain, Indian Agricultural Research Institute for the gift of the PRSV antiserum. Financial assistance from the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, is also gratefully acknowledged.
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