Advertisement

European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 120, Issue 3, pp 223–232 | Cite as

Relationships and genetics of wheat effects on infection frequency and colony extension of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici

  • Jing Feng
  • ZhongJun Zhang
  • Guohui Li
  • Yu Zhou
  • Qinggang Guo
Full Research Paper

Abstract

Wheat cvs Aquileja and Xian Nong 4, previously reported to possess quantitative resistance to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), were crossed to assess resistance associated with infection frequency and colony extension of Pst. The parents, F 1, F 2, F 3, F 4, backcrossed to Aquileja, and backcrossed to Xian Nong 4 were sown in the field. Experimental plants were inoculated with a single-spore derived isolate of Pst. Penetration frequency, colony size and disease severity were quantified. Comparison between the parents indicated that Aquileja was better at limiting infection frequency of Pst, whereas Xian Nong 4 was better at restricting colony extension. Penetration frequency and colony size were controlled by different genes. It was estimated that three or four genes, and three genes, controlling penetration frequency and colony size respectively, segregated in the cross Aquileja × Xian Nong 4, and were transmitted with moderately high heritability in additive fashion with no detectable dominant and epistatic effects. The two traits were correlated with disease severity. Colony size and penetration frequency explained, respectively, up to 33 and 8% of the genotypic variation of disease severity. These results will be helpful in understanding quantitative resistance and breeding for enhanced resistance to Pst.

Keywords

Components of quantitative resistance Durable resistance Gene action Genetic correlation Partial resistance Stripe (yellow) rust Triticum aestivum 

Abbreviations

AQ

Aquileja

BC

backcross

MX

Ming Xian 169

Pst

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici

XN

Xian Nong 4

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 30270905 and 30370920) and National “973” Project of China (Grant No. 2006CB101901).

References

  1. Baum, B. R., & Savile, D. B. O. (1985). Rusts (Uredinales) of Triticae: Evolution and extent of coevolution, a cladistic analysis. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 91, 367–394.Google Scholar
  2. Bjarko, M. E., & Line, R. F. (1988). Heritability and number of genes controlling leaf rust resistance in four cultivars of wheat. Phytopathology, 78, 457–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Broers, L. H. M., & López-Atilano, R. M. (1996). Effect of quantitative resistance in wheat on the development of Puccinia striiformis during early stages of infection. Plant Disease, 80, 1265–1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Castle, W. E. (1921). An improved method of estimating the number of genetic factors concerned in the cross of blending inheritance. Science, 54, 223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, X., & Line, R. F. (1995). Gene number and heritability of wheat cultivars with durable, high-temperature, adult-plant (HTAP) resistance and interaction of HTAP and race-specific seedling resistance to Puccinia striiformis. Phytopathology, 85, 573–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cockerham, C. C. (1986). Modification in estimating the number of genes for a quantitative character. Genetics, 114, 659–664.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Das, M. K., Rajaram, S., Kronstad, W. E., Mundt, C. C., & Singh, P. R. (1993). Associations and genetics of three components of slow rusting in leaf rust of wheat. Euphytica, 88, 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Falconer, D. S. (1981). Introduction to quantitative genetics (2nd ed., pp. 148–169, 281–300). New York: Longman, Inc.Google Scholar
  9. Feng, J., Zhang, Z. J., Li, G. H., Zhou, Y., Wang, H. H., Guo, Q. G., et al. (2007). Components of quantitative resistance to stripe rust in five wheat cultivars and genetic distance among the cultivars. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 37, 175–183.Google Scholar
  10. Frey, K. J., & Horner, T. (1957). Heritability in standard units. Agronomy Journal, 49, 59–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Frye, C. A., & Innes, R. W. (1998). An Arabidopsis mutant with enhanced resistance to powdery mildew. The Plant Cell, 10, 947–956.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Johnson, R. (1984). A critical analysis of durable resistance. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 22, 309–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnson, R., Stubbs, R. W., Fuchs, E., & Chamberlain, N. H. (1972). Nomenclature of physiological races of Puccinia striiformis infecting wheat. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 58, 475–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lande, R. (1981). The minimum number of genes contributing to quantitative variation between and within populations. Genetics, 99, 541–553.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Line, R. F. (2002). Stripe rust of wheat and barley in North America: A retrospective historical review. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 40, 75–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mallard, S., Gaudet, D., Aldeia, A., Abelard, C., Besnard, A. L., Sourdille, P., et al. (2005). Genetic analysis of durable resistance to yellow rust in bread wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 110, 1401–1409.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mares, D. L., & Cousen, S. (1977). The interaction of yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis) with winter wheat cultivars showing adult plant resistance: Macroscopic and microscopic events associated with the resistant reaction. Physiological Plant Pathology, 10, 257–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mather, K., & Jinks, J. L. (1982). Biometrical genetics (3rd ed., pp. 65–175, 315–350). New York and London: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  19. Milus, E. A., & Line, R. F. (1986). Gene action for inheritance of durable, high-temperature, adult-plant resistance to stripe rust in wheat. Phytopathology, 76, 435–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nyquist, W. E. (1991). Estimation of heritability and prediction of selection response in plant populations. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 10, 235–322.Google Scholar
  21. Peterson, R. F., Campbell, A. E., & Hannah, A. E. (1948). A diagrammatic scale for estimating rust intensity on leaves and stems of cereals. Canadian Journal of Research, C 26, 496–500.Google Scholar
  22. SAS Institute (1991). SAS language and procedures: Usage 2, version 6 (1st ed.). Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute Inc.Google Scholar
  23. Singh, R. P. (1992). Genetic association of leaf rust resistance gene Lr34 with adult plant resistance to stripe rust in bread wheat. Phytopathology, 82, 835–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stubbs, R. W. (1988). Pathogenicity analysis of yellow (stripe) rust of wheat and its significance in a global context. In N. W. Simmonds & S. Rajaram (Eds.), Breeding strategy for resistance to the rusts of wheat (pp. 23–38). Mexico DF: CIMMYT.Google Scholar
  25. Vallavieille-Pope, C. de, Huber, L., Leconte, M., & Goyeau, H. (1995). Comparative effects of temperature and interrupted wet periods on germination, penetration, and infection of Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici and P. striiformis on wheat seedlings. Phytopathology, 85, 409–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wan, A., Zhao, Z., Chen, X., He, Z., Jin, S., Jia, Q., et al. (2004). Wheat stripe rust epidemic and virulence of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in China in 2002. Plant Disease, 88, 896–904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yuan, W. H., Zhang, Z. J., Feng, F., & Zeng, S. M. (1995). Identification of wheat cultivars with slow-rusting resistance to Puccinia striiformis. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 28(3), 35–40.Google Scholar
  28. Zadoks, J. C., Chang, T. T., & Konzak, C. F. (1974). A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research, 14, 415–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zeng, Z. B., Houle, D., & Cockerham, C. C. (1990). How informative is Wright’s estimator of the number of genes affecting a quantitative character? Genetics, 126, 235–247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhang, Z. J. (1995). Evidence of durable resistance in nine Chinese land races and one Italian cultivar of Triticum aestivum to Puccinia striiformis. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 101, 405–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhang, Z. J., Yang, G. H., Li, G. H., Jin, S. L., & Yang, X. B. (2001). Transgressive segregation, heritability, and number of genes controlling durable resistance to stripe rust in one Chinese and two Italian wheat cultivars. Phytopathology, 91, 680–686.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© KNPV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Feng
    • 1
  • ZhongJun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guohui Li
    • 3
  • Yu Zhou
    • 1
  • Qinggang Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect PestsBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of ScienceChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations