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European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 114, Issue 4, pp 381–396 | Cite as

Molecular and Pathotype Analysis of the Rice Blast Fungus in North Vietnam

  • Nguyen Thi Ninh Thuan
  • Joseph Bigirimana
  • Ed Roumen
  • Dominique Van Der Straeten
  • Monica Höfte
Article

Abstract

Rice blast caused by Pyricularia oryzae is a devastating disease worldwide. In Vietnam, rice blast is especially severe in the Red River Delta in the North. The genetic diversity of 114 P. oryzae isolates collected from rice in 2001 in the Red River Delta and nine additional Vietnamese P. oryzae isolates was analysed using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP). DNA similarity and cluster analysis based on 160 polymorphic AFLP markers showed twelve different AFLP genetic groups among the 123 field isolates. Isolates collected from japonica hosts clustered separately from indica host isolates with at least 60% dissimilarity with little evidence for gene flow between the two populations. In the 2001 population originating from indica hosts, three genetic groups were predominant and represented 99% of the isolates sampled. One predominant clonal lineage represented 59% of the 2001 indica host population and was found in eleven provinces in the Red River Delta of North Vietnam. Significant genotype flow could be demonstrated between the indica population south of Red river and the indica population north of Red river. There was significant linkage disequilibrium between the AFLP loci within the indica population, indicating that this is not a random mating population. Pathogenicity tests of 25 isolates selected from the 12 AFLP groups on a set of 29 differential rice lines revealed two avirulent isolates and 23 pathotypes. Different combinations of known resistance genes were found to have potential for blast resistance breeding for North Vietnam.

Keywords

AFLP genetic diversity Magnaporthe grisea Pyricularia grisea 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nguyen Thi Ninh Thuan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph Bigirimana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ed Roumen
    • 3
  • Dominique Van Der Straeten
    • 4
  • Monica Höfte
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Phytopathology, Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringGhent UniversityGentBelgium
  2. 2.Institute for Plant Biotechnology for Developing CountriesGentBelgium
  3. 3.Bayer CropScienceGentBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Molecular GeneticsGhent UniversityGentBelgium

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