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European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 563–574 | Cite as

Regression standardization with the R package stdReg

  • Arvid Sjölander
METHODS

Abstract

When studying the association between an exposure and an outcome, it is common to use regression models to adjust for measured confounders. The most common models in epidemiologic research are logistic regression and Cox regression, which estimate conditional (on the confounders) odds ratios and hazard ratios. When the model has been fitted, one can use regression standardization to estimate marginal measures of association. If the measured confounders are sufficient for confounding control, then the marginal association measures can be interpreted as poulation causal effects. In this paper we describe a new R package, stdReg, that carries out regression standardization with generalized linear models (e.g. logistic regression) and Cox regression models. We illustrate the package with several examples, using real data that are publicly available.

Keywords

Cox regression Hazard ratio Logistic regression Odds ratio Standardization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.StockholmSweden

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