European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 435–441 | Cite as

Community-based study of cataracts among type 2 diabetics in Kinmen

  • Tao-Hsin Tung
  • Jorn-Hon Liu
  • Fenq-Lih Lee
  • Shih-Jen Chen
  • Ching-Yao Tsai
  • Pesus Chou


The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of each type of cataract among type 2 diabetics in Kinmen, Taiwan. There were 971 type 2 diabetics ascertained from a community-based mass screening between 1991 and 1993. In 1999, a total of 578 (59.5%) patients with type 2 diabetes were examined with an eye screening performed by two senior ophthalmologists using a 45-degree thin slit-lamp biomicroscopy and ophthalmoscopy to examine the lens after dilating the pupils. The overall prevalence, including subjects with or without surgery, was 31.0% (179/578, 95% CI: 27.3–34.7%), and had a statistically significant difference for gender (χ2=8.78, p = 0.003) and age (χ2-trend = 11.89, p < 0.0001). Based on multiple logistic regression, the significant risk factors of all types of cataracts were age (OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.12–1.20), lower diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at baseline (OR = 0.47, 95% CI: 0.25–0.88), and higher triglyceride at baseline (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.07–4.45). In conclusion, our results found that in addition to age, lower DBP and higher triglyceride at baseline may increase the risk of prevalent cataracts in type 2 diabetics.


Cataracts Community-based study Prevalence Type 2 diabetes 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao-Hsin Tung
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jorn-Hon Liu
    • 2
  • Fenq-Lih Lee
    • 3
  • Shih-Jen Chen
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ching-Yao Tsai
    • 1
    • 4
  • Pesus Chou
    • 1
  1. 1.Community Medicine Research Center & Institute of Public HealthNational Yang-Ming UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Cheng Hsin Rehabilitation Medical CenterTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyVeterans General HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyTaipei Municipal Chung-Hsin HospitalTaipeiTaiwan

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