Phytoremediation ability of naturally growing plant species on the electroplating wastewater-contaminated site

Abstract

The presence of heavy metal in soil and water resources has serious impact on human health. The study was designed to examine the phytoremediation ability of plant species that are growing naturally on the Zn-contaminated site. For the study, six plant species and their rhizospheric soil as well as non-rhizospheric soil samples were collected from different parts of the industrial sites for chemical and biological characterization. Visual observations and highest importance value index (IVI) through biodiversity study revealed potential plants as effective ecological tools for the restoration of the contaminated site. Among the plants, almost all were the most efficient in accumulating Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn in its shoots and roots, while Cynodon dactylon, Chloris virgata and Desmostachya bipinnata were found to be stabilizing Cr, Pb and Cd (bioconcentration factor in root = 7.95, 6.28 and 1.98 as well as translocation factor = 0.48, 0.46 and 0.78), respectively. Thus, the results of this study showed that the naturally growing plant species have phytoremediation potential to remediate the electroplating wastewater-contaminated site. These plant species are successful phytoremediators with their efficient metal stabilizing and well-evolved tolerance to heavy metal toxicity.

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Fig. 1: (a–g)

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Acknowledgements

Tripti Mishra is thankful to the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, India, for the financial assistance in the form of DST-INSPIRE SRF Fellowship. The author also extends his regard to Dr. Arun kushwaha, CSIR-NBRI, for helping out in biodiversity study and identification of plant species. Financial assistance given to Dr. Vimal Chandra Pandey as Senior Research Associate (CSIR-Pool Scientist) under Scientist’s Pool Scheme (Pool No. 13 (8931-A)/2017) by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India, New Delhi, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Mishra, T., Pandey, V.C., Praveen, A. et al. Phytoremediation ability of naturally growing plant species on the electroplating wastewater-contaminated site. Environ Geochem Health 42, 4101–4111 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00529-y

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Keywords

  • Zinc sludge
  • Revegetation
  • Plant community structure