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Removal of As(V) and Sb(V) in aqueous solution by Mg/Al-layered double hydroxide-incorporated polyethersulfone polymer beads (PES-LDH)

  • Sang-Ho Lee
  • Heechul Choi
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
Original Paper

Abstract

To develop a novel granular adsorbent to remove arsenic and antimony from water, calcined Mg/Al-layered double-hydroxide (CLDH)-incorporated polyethersulfone (PES) granular adsorbents (PES-LDH) were prepared using a core-shell method having 25% PES in an N,N-dimethylformamide solution. The PES-LDH displayed a spherical hollow shape having a rough surface and the average particle size of 1–2 mm. On the PES-LDH surface, nanosized CLDH (100–150 nm) was successfully immobilized by consolidation between PES and CLDH. The adsorption of Sb(V) by PES-LDH was found to be more favorable than for As(V), with the maximum adsorption capacity of As(V) and Sb(V) being 7.44 and 22.8 mg/g, respectively. The regeneration results indicated that a 0.5 M NaOH and 5 M NaCl mixed solution achieved an 80% regeneration efficiency in As(V) adsorption and desorption. However, the regeneration efficiency of Sb(V) gradually decreased due to its strong binding affinity, even though the PES-LDH showed much higher Sb(V) adsorption efficiency than As(V). This study suggested that PES-LDH could be a promising granular adsorbent for the remediation of As(V) and Sb(V) contained in wastewater.

Keywords

Layered double hydroxide Arsenic Antimony Polyethersulfone Granulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by Brain Korea 21 Plus Project (BK21 Plus) of School of Environmental Science and Engineering at Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Faculty of Environmental StudiesUniversity Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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