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Spatial distributions, source apportionment and ecological risk of SVOCs in water and sediment from Xijiang River, Pearl River Delta

Original Paper

Abstract

Xijiang River is an important drinking water source in Guangxi Province, China. Along the Xijiang River and surrounding tributary, the pollution profile of three important groups of semi-volatile organic compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and phthalate esters (PAEs), was analyzed. Relatively low levels of PAHs (64–3.7 × 102 ng L−1) and OCPs (16–70 ng L−1), but high levels of PAEs (7.9 × 102–6.8 × 103 ng L−1) occurred in the water. Comparatively, low levels of OCPs (39–1.8 × 102 ng g−1) and PAEs (21–81 ng g−1), but high levels of PAHs (41–1.1 × 103 ng g−1) were found in sediment. Principal component analyses for source identification indicated petroleum-derived residues or coal and biomass combustion, and vehicular emission was the main sources for PAHs. The OCPs sources of each category were almost independent, whereas the new input of HCHs and p,p′-DDTs probably existed in some areas. PAEs were mainly originated from personal care products of urban sewage, plastic and other industrial sources. Ecological risk through the risk quotient analysis indicated a small or significant potential adverse effect on fish, daphnia and green algae. Nevertheless, the integrated risk of all pollutants should be taken into account in future study.

Keywords

Xijiang River PAHs OCPs PAEs Ecological risks 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from NSFC-Guangdong Joint Funds (U1201234) and NSFC (41373103 and 41425015).

Supplementary material

10653_2017_9929_MOESM1_ESM.docx (572 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 572 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiao Tang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Taicheng An
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guiying Li
    • 2
  • Chaohai Wei
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Catalysis and Pollution Control, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution ControlGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Environment and EnergySouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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