An arsenic-contaminated field trial to assess the uptake and translocation of arsenic by genotypes of rice
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Compared to other cereals, rice has particular strong As accumulation. Therefore, it is very important to understand As uptake and translocation among different genotypes. A field study in Chenzhou city, Hunan province of China, was employed to evaluate the effect of arsenic-contaminated soil on uptake and distribution in 34 genotypes of rice (including unpolished rice, husk, shoot, and root). The soil As concentrations ranged from 52.49 to 83.86 mg kg−1, with mean As concentration 64.44 mg kg−1. The mean As concentrations in rice plant tissues were different among the 34 rice genotypes. The highest As concentrations were accumulated in rice root (196.27–385.98 mg kg−1 dry weight), while the lowest was in unpolished rice (0.31–0.52 mg kg−1 dry weight). The distribution of As in rice tissue and paddy soil are as follows root ≫ soil > shoot > husk > unpolished rice. The ranges of concentrations of inorganic As in all of unpolished rice were from 0.26 to 0.52 mg kg−1 dry weight. In particular, the percentage of inorganic As in the total As was more than 67 %, indicating that the inorganic As was the predominant species in unpolished rice. The daily dietary intakes of inorganic As in unpolished rice ranged from 0.10 to 0.21 mg for an adult, and from 0.075 to 0.15 mg for a child. Comparison with tolerable daily intakes established by FAO/WHO, inorganic As in most of unpolished rice samples exceeded the recommended intake values. The 34 genotypes of rice were classified into four clusters using a criteria value of rescaled distance between 5 and 10. Among the 34 genotypes, the genotypes II you 416 (II416) with the lowest enrichment of As and the lowest daily dietary intakes of inorganic As could be selected as the main cultivar in As-contaminated field.
KeywordsArsenic Inorganic As Genotypes of rice Contaminated field Translocation Health risk assessment
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (21007014/B0702), Key Laboratory of Production Environment and Agro-product Safety of Ministry of Agriculture and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Agro-environment and Food Safety (2010-KJ-KF-03), National Major Programs of Water Pollution Control (2009ZX07212-001-05), and by Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (08C432, 09A104).
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