A Quantitative Analysis of Energy Dissipation among Three Typical Air Entrainment Phenomena
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This study investigates energy dissipation due to air bubble entrainment for three typical phenomena; a hydraulic jump, a 2-D vertical plunging jet and a vertical circular plunging jet into water. A simple model is presented here which enables to estimate the energy transformation and dissipation achieved by air bubbles quantitatively for three above phenomena. The average rate of energy dissipation by air bubbles obtained from the experimental data are 25%, 1.4%, and 2.15% with respect to total energy loss for the hydraulic jump, 2-D vertical plunging jet and vertical circular plunging jet, respectively.
Key wordsBreaking wave energy dissipation plunging liquid jet potential energy void-fraction
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