Environmental Fluid Mechanics

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 481–494 | Cite as

Environmental Impact of Undular Tidal Bores in Tropical Rivers

  • C. Donnelly
  • H. Chanson


A tidal bore impacts significantly on the estuarine ecosystem, although little is known on the flow field, mixing and sediment motion beneath tidal bores. In the absence of detailed systematic field measurements, a quasi-steady flow analogy was applied to investigate undular tidal bores with inflow Froude numbers between 1.25 and 1.6. Experimental results indicated that rapid flow redistributions occur beneath the free-surface undulations, with significant variations in bed shear stress between wave crests and troughs. Dynamic similarity was used to predict detailed flow characteristics of undular tidal bores. The effects of periodic loading on river sediments, scour of river bed and flow mixing behind the bore are discussed. A better understanding of these processes will contribute to better management practices in tidal bore affected rivers, including the Styx and Daly rivers in tropical Australia.


boundary shear stress mixing physical modelling pressure sediment process undular hydraulic jump undular tidal bore velocity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bartsch-Winkler, S. and Lynch, D.K.: 1988, Catalog of worldwide tidal bore occurrences and characteristics, US Geological Survey Circular, No. 1022, 17 p.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bazin, H.: 1865, Recherches Expérimentales sur la Propagation des Ondes, (‘Experimental Research on Wave Propagation.’) Mémoires présentés par divers savants à l’Académie des Sciences, Paris, France, Vol. 19, pp. 495–644 (in French).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chanson, H. 2000Boundary shear stress measurements in undular flows: application to standing wave bed formsWater Resource Res.363063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chanson, H.: 2001, Flow field in a tidal bore: a physical model, Proceedings 29th IAHR Congress, Beijing, China, Theme E, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, G. LI Ed., pp. 365–373. (CD-ROM, Tsinghua University Press.)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chanson, H.: 2003, Mixing and dispersion in tidal bores. a Review, Proceedings of International Conference on Estuaries & Coasts ICEC-2003, Hangzhou, China, Nov. 8–11, International Research & Training Center on Erosion & Sedimentation Edition, Vol. 2, pp. 763–769.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chanson, H. 2004aThe Hydraulics of Open Channel Flows: An Introduction2Butterworth-HeinemannOxford UK630Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chanson, H. 2004bEnvironmental Hydraulics of Open Channel FlowsElsevier-Butterworth-HeinemannOxford UK483Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chanson, H., Montes, J.S. 1995Characteristics of undular hydraulic jumps. Experimental apparatus and flow patternsJ. Hyd. Eng., ASCE121129144Discussion: 123(2), 161–164Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, J., Liu, C., Zhang, C., Walker, H.J. 1990Geomorphological development and sedimentation in Qiantang estuary and Hangzhou BayJ. Coastal. Res.6559Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen, S.: 2003, Tidal bore in the north branch of the Changjiang Estuary. Proceedings of International Conference on Estuaries & Coasts ICEC-2003, Hangzhou, China, November 8–11, International Research & Training Center on Erosion & Sedimentation Edition, Vol. 1, pp. 233–239.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cousteau, J.Y. and Richards, M.: 1984, Jacques Cousteau’s Amazon Journey, The Cousteau Society, Paris, France. (also RD Press, Australia, 1985.)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Davies, C. 1988Tidal river boresDepartment of Geography, Edge Hill College, University of LancasterUKDissertation in partial fulfilment of B.A. degreeGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    De Wit P.J.: 1995. Liquefaction of Cohesive Sediments caused by Waves. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, 194 p. (Also Communications on Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 1995, Vol. 95, No. 2, Report 95–2.)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dormieux, L., Auriault, J.L., Coussy, O. 1993Pore pressures generation in a seabed subjected to wave loadingEur. J. of Mechanics A/Solids12773801Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Henderson, F.M. 1966Open Channel FlowMacMillan CompanyNew York, USAGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jones, E.: 2003, Personal Communication, 26 March 2003.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kjerfve, B., Ferreira, H.O. 1993Tidal bores: first ever measurementsCiência e Cultura (Journal of the Brazilian Association for the Advancement of Science)45135138March/AprilGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lynch, D.K. 1982Tidal BoresScientific American247134143OctoberGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Molchan-Douthit, M.: 1998, Alaska bore tales, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Anchorage, USA, revised, 2 p.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Montes, J.S.: 1986, A study of the undular jump profile, Proceeding 9th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 148–151.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    O’Reilly, M.P., Brown, S.F., Overy, R.F. 1991Cyclic loading of silty clay with drainage periodsJ. Geotechnical Eng.117354362Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Patel, V.C. 1965Calibration of the preston tube and limitations on its use in pressure gradientsJ. of Fluid Mech.23185208Part 1, Sept.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Preston, J.H. 1954The determination of turbulent skin friction by means of pitot tubesJ. Roy. Aeronaut. Soc., London58109121FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rouse, H. 1938Fluid Mechanics for Hydraulic EngineersMcGraw-Hill PublisherNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rouse, H. 1946Elementary Mechanics of FluidsJohn Wiley & SonsNew York USA376Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rouse, H. 1959Advanced Mechanics of FluidsJohn WileyNew York, USA444Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rulifson, R.A., Tull, K.A. 1999Striped bass spawning in a tidal bore river : the shubenacadie estuary, Atlantic CanadaTrans. American Fisheries Soc.128613624Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schlichting, H. 1979Boundary Layer Theory7McGraw-HillNew York, USAGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tessier, B., Terwindt, J.H.J. 1994An example of soft-sediment deformations in an intertidal environment - the effect of a tidal boreComptes-Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Série II319217233Part 2Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tricker, R.A.R. 1965Bores, Breakers, Waves and WakesAmerican Elsevier Publisher Co.New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Troskolanski, A.T. 1960Hydrometry : Theory and Practice of Hydraulic MeasurementsPergamon PressOxford, UK684Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Witts, C. 1999The Mighty Severn BoreRivern Severn PublicationsGloucester UK84Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wolanski, E., Williams, D., Spagnola, S., Chanson, H. 2004Undular tidal bore dynamics in the daly estuary, Northern AustraliaEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sci.60629636Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LundLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations