Environmental and Ecological Statistics

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 633–646 | Cite as

Spatial analyses of groundwater level differences using geostatistical modeling

  • Mevlut Uyan
  • Tayfun Cay


The purpose of this study was to determine and evaluate the spatial changes in the depletion of groundwater level differences by using geostatistical methods based on data from 58 groundwater wells during the period from April 1999 to April 2008 in the study area. Geostatistical methods have been used widely as a convenient tool to make decision on the management of groundwater levels. To evaluate the spatial changes in the level of the groundwater, geographic information system is used for the application of universal kriging method with cross-validation leading to the estimation of groundwater levels. The resulting prediction mappings identify the locations of groundwater level fluctuations of the study area. The average range of variogram (spherical model) for the spatial analysis is about 9,200 m. Results of universal kriging for groundwater level differences drops were underestimated by 15 %. Cross-validation errors are within an acceptable level. The maps show that this area of high decrease of groundwater level is located at the southwest. Kriging model helps also to detect sensitively risk prone areas for groundwater withdrawing. Such areas must be protected with an effective management procedure for future groundwater exploitations.


Geographic information system (GIS) Geostatistics  Groundwater level Kriging 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Directorate of Construction and Technical WorksSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Geomatic EngineeringSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey

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