Educational Studies in Mathematics

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 111–126 | Cite as

Approach to mathematical problem solving and students’ belief systems: two case studies

  • María Luz CallejoEmail author
  • Antoni Vila


The goal of the study reported here is to gain a better understanding of the role of belief systems in the approach phase to mathematical problem solving. Two students of high academic performance were selected based on a previous exploratory study of 61 students 12–13 years old. In this study we identified different types of approaches to problems that determine the behavior of students in the problem-solving process. The research found two aspects that explain the students’ approaches to problem solving: (1) the presence of a dualistic belief system originating in the student’s school experience; and (2) motivation linked to beliefs regarding the difficulty of the task. Our results indicate that there is a complex relationship between students’ belief systems and approaches to problem solving, if we consider a wide variety of beliefs about the nature of mathematics and problem solving and motivational beliefs, but that it is not possible to establish relationships of causality between specific beliefs and problem-solving activity (or vice versa).


Approach to problem solving Patterns of action Problem solving Students’ belief systems 



The authors would like to express their gratitude for the help provided by Salvador Llinares (Universidad de Alicante) in preparing this manuscript, by Jody Doran (Washington University in St. Louis) in its translation and for the suggestions made by anonymous reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Innovación y Formación DidácticaUniversidad de AlicanteSan Vicente del RaspeigEspaña
  2. 2.IES Gabriel FerraterReusEspaña

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