Advertisement

Ecotoxicology

, 19:61 | Cite as

Effect of temperature on phytoextraction of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by hybrid willows

  • Xiao-Zhang Yu
  • Xiao-Ying Peng
  • Li-Qun Xing
Article

Abstract

The removal of hexavalent and trivalent chromium from hydroponic solution by plants to changes in temperature was investigated. Pre-rooted hybrid willows (Salix matsudana Koidz × alba L.) were exposed to a nutrient solution spiked with potassium chromate (K2CrO4) or chromium chloride (CrCl3) for 4 days. Ten different temperatures were tested ranging from 11 to 32°C. Total Cr in solutions and in plant materials were all analyzed quantitatively. The results revealed that large amounts of the applied Cr were removed from the hydroponic solution in the presence of the plants. Significantly faster removal of Cr(III) than Cr(VI) was achieved by hybrid willows from the hydroponic solutions at all temperatures (P < 0.01). The removal rates of both chemical forms of Cr by plants increased linearly with the increase of temperatures. The highest removal rate of Cr(VI) was found at 32°C with a value of 1.99 μg Cr/g day, whereas the highest value of Cr(III) was 3.55 μg Cr/g day at the same temperature. Roots were the main sink for Cr accumulation in plants at all temperatures. Translocation of both chemical forms of Cr from roots to lower stems was only found at temperatures ≥24°C. The temperature coefficient values (Q 10) were 2.41 and 1.42 for Cr(VI) and Cr(III), respectively, indicating that the removal of Cr(VI) by hybrid willows was much more susceptible to changes in temperature than that of Cr(III). This information suggests that changes in temperature have a substantial influence on the uptake and accumulation of both chemical forms of Cr by plants.

Keywords

Accumulation Chromium Phytoremediation Removal Temperature Willows 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by The National Science Foundation of China (NSFC: 30770389).

References

  1. Atkin OK, Evans J, Ball M, Lambers H, Pons T (2000) Leaf respiration of snow gum in the light and dark: interactions between temperature and irradiance. Plant Physiol 122:915–923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atkin OK, Zhang Q, Wiskich J (2002) Effect of temperature on rates of alternative and cytochrome pathway respiration and their relationship with the redox poise of the Quinone pool. Plant Physiol 128:212–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Azcón-Bieto J (1992) Relationships between photosynthesis and respiration in the dark in plants. In: Barber J, Guerrero MG, Medrano H (eds) Trends in photosynthesis research. Intercept Ltd, Andover, pp 241–253Google Scholar
  4. Baghour M, Moreno DA, Herna′ndez J, Castilla N, Romero L (2001) Influence of root temperature on phytoaccumulation of As, Ag, Cr and Sb in potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L. var. spunta). J Environ Sci Health A 36:1389–1401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Banks MK, Schwab AP, Henderson C (2006) Leaching and reduction of chromium in soil as affected by soil organic content and plants. Chemosphere 62:255–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Becquer T, Quantin C, Sicot M, Boudot JP (2003) Chromium availability in ultramafic soils from New Caledonia. Sci Total Environ 301:251–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chatterjee J, Chatterjee C (2000) Phytotoxicity of cobalt, chromium and copper in cauliflower. Environ Pollut 109:69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davis FT, Puryear JD, Newton RJ, Egilla JN, Grossi JAS (2002) Mycorrhizal fungi increase chromium uptake by sunflower plants: influence on tissue mineral concentration, growth, and gas exchange. J Plant Nutr 25:2389–2407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dixit V, Pandey V, Shyam R (2002) Chromium ions inactivate electron transport and enhance superoxide generation in vivo in pea (Pisum sativum L.cv. Azad) root mitochondria. Plant Cell Environ 25:687–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fitter AH, Graves JD, Self GK, Brown TK, Bogie DS, Taylor K (1998) Root production, turnover and respiration under two grassland types along with an altitudinal gradient-influence of temperature and solar radiation. Oecologia 114:20–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fritioff A, Kautsky L, Greger M (2005) Influence of temperature and salinity on heavy metal uptake by submersed plants. Environ Pollut 133:265–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greger M (1999) Metal availability, uptake, transport and accumulation in plants. In: Prasad MNV, Hagemeyer J (eds) Heavy metal stress in plants: from molecules to ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp 51–57Google Scholar
  13. Han FX, Banin A, Su Y, Monts DL, Plodinec MJ, Kingery WL, Triplett GB (2002) Industrial age anthropogenic inputs of heavy metals into the pedosphere. Naturwissenschaften 89:497–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hunter JG, Vergnano O (1953) Trace element toxicities in oat plants. Ann Appl Biol 4:761–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Katz SA, Salem H (1994) The biological and environmental chemistry of chromium. VCH Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Kimbrough DE, Cohen Y, Winer AM, Creelam L, Mabuni C (1999) A critical assessment of chromium in the environment. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 29:1–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar PBAN, Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin I (1995) Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ Sci Technol 29:1232–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Larcher W (1995) Physiological plant ecology, 3rd edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  19. McGrath SP (1982) The uptake and translocation of tri- and hexavalent chromium and effects on the growth of oat in flowing nutrient solution and in soil. New Phytol 92:381–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mei BJ, Puryear JD, Newton RJ (2002) Assessment of Cr tolerance and accumulation in selected plant species. Plant Soil 247:223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pulford ID, Watson C, McGregor SD (2001) Uptake of chromium by trees: prospects for phytoremediation. Environ Geochem Health 23:307–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ramachandran V, D’Souza TJ, Mistry KB (1980) Uptake and transport of chromium in plants. J Nucl Agric Biol 9:126–129Google Scholar
  23. Sachs L (1992) Angewandte Statistik. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  24. Scoccianti V, Crinelli R, Tirillini B, Mancinelli V, Speranza A (2006) Uptake and toxicity of Cr (Cr3+) in celery seedlings. Chemosphere 64:1695–1703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shahandeh H, Hossner LR (2000) Plant screening for chromium phytoremediation. Int J Phytorem 2:31–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shanker AK, Cervantes C, Loza-Tavera H, Avudainayagam S (2005) Chromium toxicity in plants. Environ Int 31:739–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sharma DC, Sharma CP, Tripathi RD (2003) Phytotoxic lesions of chromium in maize. Chemosphere 51:63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Skeffington RA, Shewry PR, Peterson PJ (1976) Chromium uptake and transport in barley seedlings (Hordeum vulgare L.). Planta 132:209–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tjoelker MG, Oleksyn J, Reich PB (1999) Acclimation of respiration to temperature and CO2 in seedlings of boreal tree species in relation to plant size and relative growth rate. Glob Chang Biol 5:679–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Trapp S, Zambrano KC, Kusk KO, Karlson U (2000) A phytotoxicity test using transpiration of willows. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 39:154–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yu XZ, Gu JD (2007) Accumulation and distribution of trivalent chromium and effects on hybrid willow (Salix matsudana Koidz × alba L.) metabolism. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 52:503–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yu XZ, Gu JD (2008) The role of EDTA in phytoextraction of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by two willows tress. Ecotoxicol 17:143–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yu XZ, Trapp S, Zhou PH, Hu H (2005) The effect of temperature on the rates of cyanide metabolism of two woody plants. Chemosphere 59:1099–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yu XZ, Gu JD, Huang SZ (2007a) Hexavalent chromium induced stress and metabolic responses of in hybrid willows. Ecotoxicol 16:299–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yu XZ, Trapp S, Zhou PH, Chen L (2007b) Effect of temperature on the uptake and metabolism of cyanide by weeping willows. Int J Phytorem 9:243–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yu XZ, Gu JD, Xin LQ (2008) Differences in uptake and translocation of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by two species of willows. Ecotoxicol 17:747–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zayed AM, Terry N (2003) Chromium in environment: factors affecting biological remediation. Plant Soil 249:135–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zayed A, Lytle CM, Terry N, Qian JH (1998) Chromium accumulation, translocation and chemical speciation in vegetable crops. Planta 206:293–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences & EngineeringHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations