, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 983–987 | Cite as

Alterations of valve closing behavior in juvenile Catarina scallops (Argopecten ventricosus Sowerby, 1842) exposed to toxic metals



We conducted an evaluation of alterations produced in the valve closing speed of juvenile Argopecten ventricosus (Catarina scallop) exposed to the metals cadmium, chromium and lead, because of the connection of this response to the state of health of the mollusk. Bioassays were conducted with 50 juveniles (length 3 ± 0.5 cm) exposed to 0.02, 0.1, 0.2 mg Cd l−1; 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 mg Cr l−1; 0.04, 0.2, 0.4 mg Pb l−1 and 0.8 and 1.6 mg Cd + Cr + Pb l−1 for 480 h. The average valve closing speed at the end of the experiment was under 1 s in the control group, from 2 to 3.6 s in the bioassays with cadmium, from 1.4 to 3.4 s with chromium, from 3 to 12 s with lead, and from 12 to 15 s with the metal mixtures. It was found that there are significant differences between the values recorded in assays with metals and the control (P < 0.05). The retardation of valve closing in the organisms exposed to toxic substances is probably caused by damage to the sensory cilia located on the edge of the mantle.


Behavior scallops Argopecten ventricosus Close valve Metal toxic 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio de Ecotoxicología, Depto. de HidrobiologíaUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-IztapalapaMexicoMexico
  2. 2.Universidad Autónoma de Baja California SurLa PazMéxico

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