Economic Change and Restructuring

, Volume 48, Issue 3–4, pp 257–279 | Cite as

Oil rents and economic growth in oil producing countries: evidence from a macro panel

  • José Alberto Fuinhas
  • António Cardoso Marques
  • Alcino Pinto Couto


In this paper, new approaches are taken to explore two new dimensions of the oil growth nexus that are relevant when focusing on oil producing countries. Based on panel regressions, we regress per capita income on the ratio of oil production to primary energy consumption and oil rents per capita, adding control variables and exploring a relationship analysis within a multivariate oil-growth nexus framework. The per capita oil consumption-economic growth nexus is examined in a panel of oil producing countries over a long time span (1970–2012), controlling for the exports of goods and services, the ratio of oil production to primary energy consumption, the oil rents, and international crude oil prices. The phenomenon of cross-sectional dependence that is present in the panel confirms that these countries share common spatial patterns, unobserved common factors, or both. The cointegration/long memory relationships, as well as the panel data estimators’ appropriateness, are both analysed and discussed. A dynamic Driscoll-Kraay estimator, with fixed effects, is shown to be adequate to cope with the phenomena of heteroskedasticity, contemporaneous correlation, first order autocorrelation and cross-sectional dependence, present in the panel. Oil consumption drives economic growth, but only on the short-run. The ratio of oil production to primary energy consumption has exerted a positive impact on growth in both the short- and long-run. Oil prices only exert a positive effect on growth in the short-run. Oil rents depress growth in both the short- and long-run, suggesting that it is more a curse than a blessing for the economies.


Oil production Oil rents Oil-growth nexus Macro panels 

JEL Classification

C33 O50 Q43 



The financial support of the NECE-UBI—Research Unit in Business Science and Economics, sponsored by the Portuguese Foundation for the Development of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education and Science, is acknowledged. We are grateful to two anonymous referees for their useful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Alberto Fuinhas
    • 1
  • António Cardoso Marques
    • 1
  • Alcino Pinto Couto
    • 1
  1. 1.Management and Economics DepartmentNECE-UBI and University of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal

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