Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 55–61 | Cite as

Reading, Reasoning, and Literacy: Strategies for Early Childhood Education From the Analysis of Classroom Observations

  • Brooke K. McKie
  • Jo-Anne Manswell Butty
  • Rodney D. Green


Researchers have posited that children generally learn to read in environments that are trusting, comfortable, and offer small group or one-to-one adult support, all of which are characteristics of a high quality early childhood education program. This evaluation research study examines the Pre-Kindergarten Incentive Program, an early childhood demonstration program in Washington, DC designed to study several urban community-based sites. The authors facilitate a discourse on how all early childhood education programs can become high quality programs through standardized observations, evaluations, and constructive feedback. The article describes the demonstration program, highlights general findings from standardized classroom observations, discusses areas needing improvement, and presents strategies for addressing areas of challenge. It will reveal to early childhood educators how evaluation findings can improve teaching and learning techniques and environments in early childhood programs. The goal is to promote overall improvement in reading, reasoning, and literacy for children enrolled in early childhood programs and thereby better prepare them for kindergarten.


Reading Reasoning Literacy Early childhood education Urban education Community-based programs 



This project was supported by a grant from the District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE), Division of Early Childhood Education. We wish to acknowledge community-based sites participating in the early childhood demonstration project and researchers from the Howard University Center for Urban Progress.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brooke K. McKie
    • 1
  • Jo-Anne Manswell Butty
    • 2
  • Rodney D. Green
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Urban ProgressHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Urban ProgressHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Center for Urban ProgressHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA

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