Infant Neurosensory Development: Considerations for Infant Child Care
- 955 Downloads
Infant brain development is a dynamic process dependent upon endogenous and exogenous stimulation and a supportive environment. A critical period of brain and neurosensory development occurs during the third trimester and into the “fourth” trimester (first three months of life). Disruption, damage, or deprivation in the infant’s social and physical environment can create permanent deficits in the developing neurosensory systems. Implications for infant child care environments are discussed, and a review of quality and standards in infant child care environments leads to a call for improvements to optimize child development.
KeywordsChild development Brain development Infant child care
Many thanks to Dr. Stanley Graven.
- Anderson, L. M., Shinn, C., Fullilove, M. T., Scrimshaw, S. C., Fielding, J. E., Normand, J., et al. (2003). The effectiveness of early childhood development programs: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24(3, Supplement 1), 32–46.Google Scholar
- Bardige, B., & Bardige, M. (2008). Talk to me baby! Supporting language development in the first 3 years. Zero to Three, 29(1), 4.Google Scholar
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989). Who cares for children? Invited Address to UNESCO (ED- 90/WS-2) Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org.
- Capizzano, J., Adams, G., & Sonenstein, F. (2000) Child care arrangements for children under five: Variations across states. The Urban Institute Series B, No. B-7. March. Retrieved December 25, 2010 from: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/anf_b7.pdf.
- D’Onise, K., Lynch, J. W., Sawyer, M. G., & McDermott, R. A. (In press). Can preschool improve child health outcomes? A systematic review. Social Science & Medicine. Google Scholar
- Gomes-Pedro, J., Nugent, K. J., Young, J. G., & Brazelton, T. B. (Eds.). (2002). The infant and family in the twenty-first century. New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
- Penn, A. A., & Shatz, C. J. (2002). Principles of endogenous and sensory activity-dependent brain development. The visual system. In H. Lagercrantz, M. Hanson, P. Evrard, & C. H. Rodeck (Eds.), The newborn brain: Neuroscience and clinical applications (pp. 204–255). Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Perez, A., & Peterson, S. (2009). Meeting the needs of the youngest infants in child care. Zero to Three, 29(3), 13–17.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: Development of higher psychological processes (pp. 86). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Watamura, S. E., Kryzer, E. M., & Robertson, S. S. (2009). Cortisol patterns at home and child care: Afternoon differences and evening recovery in children attending very high quality full-day center-based child care. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(4), 475–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- White, J. M., & Klein, D. M. (2008). Family theories (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar