Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 89–94 | Cite as

Elementary School Students’ Mental Computation Proficiencies

  • Filiz Varol
  • Dale Farran


Mental computation helps children understand how numbers work, how to make decisions about procedures, and how to create different strategies to solve math problems. Although researchers agree on the importance of mental computation skills, they debate how to help students develop these skills. The present study explored the existing literature in order to identify key points that are related to students’ use of different mental calculation strategies in a variety of settings and their conceptual understanding of those strategies.


young children mathematics mental computation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Teaching and LearningVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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