Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 239–244 | Cite as

Family, Friend, and Neighbor Child Caregivers: Results of a Statewide Study to Determine Needs and Desires for Support

  • Pamela Marie Drake
  • Bayla Greenspoon
  • Lisa Unti
  • Linda K. Fawcett
  • Sarah Neville-Morgan

Family, friend and neighbor (FFN) child caregivers represent a significant proportion of caregivers for young children. Yet, these caregivers receive little support for their services. In 2003, the First 5 California Children and Families Commission (First 5 California) began a study to determine the work-related needs of FFN caregivers in California. This paper reports on the results of all study activities, including focus groups and interviews with caregivers and parents. It details the specific needs related to licensing, materials and equipment, education and training, and support systems that were identified by FFN caregivers, parents, and other stakeholders as being important to improve the quality and working conditions of FFN care. It also discusses needs of agencies that provide services to FFN caregivers, including awareness of and knowledge about the population, funding and other resources, and professional development topics.


child care early education relative care family child care focus groups professional development training caregiver support educational materials 



This work was completed as a part of the First 5 Family, Friend, and Neighbor Child Caregiver Support Project for the First 5 California Children and Families Commission. See

The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of Heather Brockett, Nicole Jayne, Gina Lepore, and Barbara Witkowski to this project as well as Emily Nahat, Deputy Director of Program Management at First 5 California.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Marie Drake
    • 1
  • Bayla Greenspoon
    • 1
  • Lisa Unti
    • 1
  • Linda K. Fawcett
    • 1
  • Sarah Neville-Morgan
    • 2
  1. 1.ETR AssociatesScotts ValleyUSA
  2. 2.First 5 California Children and Families CommissionSacramentoUSA

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