Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 98, Issue 3, pp 845–856 | Cite as

Population genetic structure and demographic history of the mudskipper Boleophthalmus pectinirostris on the northwestern pacific coast

  • Wei Chen
  • Wanshu Hong
  • Shixi Chen
  • Qiong Wang
  • Qiyong Zhang


The genetic structure and demographic history of nine mudskipper Boleophthalmus pectinirostris populations on the Northwestern Pacific coast were investigated using the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences. Among the 248 individuals examined, 118 haplotypes were detected. As a whole, high haplotype diversity and moderate nucleotide diversity were observed within the populations. The topology of the neighbor-joining tree of B. pectinirostris haplotypes was assigned into two closely related lineages (A and B) that appeared to have strong geographic genetic structure. Lineage A included the populations from Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Vietnam while Lineage B included populations from Japan and Korea. The pairwise comparisons of F ST were all statistically significant (P <0.05) between populations while the analysis of molecular variance showed that most of the variances were found between the two lineages. Neutrality tests and mismatch distribution analyses revealed that B. pectinirostris had undergone population expansion during the late Pleistocene. Population expansion occurred approximately 170,000 years ago for Lineage A, and 80,000 years ago for Lineage B. Sea level changes during the late Pleistocene might have been responsible for this population expansion and lineage isolation.


Mudskipper Mitochondrial cyt b Genetic diversity Phylogeography 



Professor Atsushi Ishimatsu is thanked for providing B. pectinirotris samples of Japan’s population, Kang Ning Shen for editing the manuscript, and Professor John Hodgkiss for editing the English. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40976095), the Key Project of Science and Technology of Fujian Province (No. 2008 N0041), Xiamen University President Research Award (No. 2013121044), and the Project of Southern Ocean Research Center of Xiamen (No.13GST001NF13).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Chen
    • 1
  • Wanshu Hong
    • 1
  • Shixi Chen
    • 1
  • Qiong Wang
    • 1
  • Qiyong Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental ScienceXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.College of Ocean and Earth SciencesXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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