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Genetic structure of the white croaker, Micropogonias furnieri Desmarest 1823 (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) along Uruguayan coasts: contrasting marine, estuarine, and lacustrine populations

  • Alejandro D’Anatro
  • Alfredo N. Pereira
  • Enrique P. Lessa
Article

Abstract

Micropogonias furnieri is widely distributed in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. In Uruguay, Laguna de Rocha and Río de La Plata estuary have been reported as reproductive and nursery areas. In Laguna de Rocha, individuals reach maturity at smaller total length than their oceanic counterparts. It has been difficult to establish whether Laguna de Rocha represents a biologically distinct population or simply ecophenotypic variation. More generally, the possible presence of several distinct populations of white croakers in Uruguayan waters has been hypothesized, but limited data exist to substantiate them. A recent mitochondrial DNA analysis suggested divergence between the Río de La Plata and the Oceanic front populations. Using seven microsatellites loci, we studied the population structure of M. furnieri in the nursery areas suggested by the literature, as well as in three additional localities to test these hypotheses. The individuals of Laguna de Rocha showed a moderate genetic differentiation with respect to some of the other populations surveyed. Specimens of Montevideo showed the higher genetic distinctiveness. Given the apparent absence of geographical barriers, other factors may be responsible for the observed differentiation. The complex pattern of forces interacting in this system makes it difficult to disentangle the causes of the population structure found. The adaptation to local environmental conditions could be playing an important role in population differentiation, as well as the possible selective pressures imposed by fisheries. The results obtained in this work offer clues about the processes responsible for differentiation of fishes in estuarine and marine environments.

Keywords

Estuarine differentiation Microsatellites Population genetics Size reduction in fishes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank to Carla Rivera and Matías Feijoo for the assistance during the fieldwork. We also thank to four anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments in previous version of this manuscript. Part of this work was carried out by using the resources of the Computational Biology Service Unit from Cornell University which is partially funded by Microsoft Corporation. Financial support for was received from PEDECIBA, CSIC, PDT and ANII (Uruguay).

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro D’Anatro
    • 1
  • Alfredo N. Pereira
    • 2
  • Enrique P. Lessa
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Ecología y Evolución, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay
  2. 2.Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos (DINARA), Ministerio de Ganadería Agricultura y Pesca (MGAP)MontevideoUruguay

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