Spawning behaviour of taimen (Hucho taimen) from the Uur River, Northern Mongolia
- 148 Downloads
This study presents the first observations of Hucho taimen spawning in the wild based on underwater video recordings. One pair of taimen was monitored during a 19 h period, supplemented with visual observations from two other spawning pairs. We recorded two full spawning events performed in two different locations separated by approximately 30 m. The absence of an established male hierarchy along a nesting female was the most important difference between taimen and other salmonine breeding biology. Taimen spawning, based on our observations, is a single pair event. The male prevented the approach of other males by launching intense attacks that extended for several meters away from the redd. Our data suggests that taimen females, differently from other salmonines, do not cover their eggs immediately after having spawned but rest for a variable number of minutes before covering them.
KeywordsHucho taimen Underwater video Spawning act Salmonines
We wish to thank M. Amaraa, Y. Davaakhuu, U. Nemekhbayar, T. Monkhnasan, P. Tsogtsaikhan, Kh. Badarch, B. Ganzorig, E. Erdenebat, D. Buryat, D. Altanshagai, C. Conn and R. Meeks for assistance with this research. Thanks to Taimen Conservation Fund, Sweetwater Travel and Hovsgol Travel for field support and assistance. Financial support was from the Taimen Conservation Fund (Mongolia) and The National Geographic Society. Additional funds were provided by a NSERC Discovery Research Grant to D.A.M.
- Bukirev AI (1967) Kamskii losos- Hucho taimen (Pallas). Izv GosNIORKH 62:39–56 (Russian)Google Scholar
- Esteve M (2005a) Spawning behaviour of the Salmoninae subfamily members: a phylogenetic study. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Animal Biology, University of BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
- Holcˇík J, Hensel K, Nieslanik J, Skácel L (1988) The Eurasian Huchen, Hucho hucho: largest salmon of the world. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht/BostonGoogle Scholar
- Ivasˇka S (1951) Hlavátka, jej lov a umely´ chov. Tatran, Bratislava (Czech)Google Scholar
- Kifa MI (1974) The materials on the lenok (Brachymystax lenok) and taimen (Hucho taimen) spawning ecology in the Amur basin. Res Fish Biol Comm Ocean 5:105–108 (Russian)Google Scholar
- Misharin KI, Shutilo NV (1971) Taimen: its morphology, biology & harvesting. Newsl BGSRI Irkutsk State Univ 24:58–105 (Russian)Google Scholar
- Olifer SA (1977) Rybokhozyaistvennoe osvoenie Ustˇ-Ilimskogo vodokhranilishcha. Izv GosNIORKH 115:65–95 (Russian)Google Scholar
- Pravdin IF (1949) Taimen – Hucho hucho (Pallas). In: Berg LS, Bogdanov AS, Kozhin NI, Rass TS (eds) Promyslovye rbyby SSSR. Opisaniya ryb. Pishchepromizdat, Moskva, pp 205–207 (Russian)Google Scholar
- Rezˇny´ J (1951) Ako sme vytierali hlavátky. Cˇs Rybar 6:18 CzechGoogle Scholar
- Sigunov P (1972) Taimen’i istorii. In: Ozherelie Dzhekhangira. Izd. Nauka, Moskva, pp 71–92. (Russian)Google Scholar
- Witkowski A (1988) The spawning run of the huchen Hucho hucho (L.) and its analysis. Acta Ichtyol Pisc 13:23–31Google Scholar