Analysis of F ST outliers at allozyme loci in Pacific salmon: implications for natural selection
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Natural selection has been invoked to explain the observed geographic distribution of allozyme allele frequencies for a number of teleost species. The effects of selection on allozyme loci in three species of Pacific salmon were tested. A simulation-based approach to estimate the null distribution of population differentiation (F ST) and test for F ST outliers was used. This approach showed that a majority of allozyme loci conform to neutral expectations predicted by the simulation model, with relatively few F ST outliers found. No consistent F ST outlier loci were found across species. Analysis of population sub-groups based on geography and genetic identity reduced the number of outlier loci for some species, indicating that large geographic groups may include genetically divergent populations and/or that there is geographic heterogeneity in selection pressure upon allozyme loci. Two outlier allozyme loci found in this analysis, lactate dehydrogenase-B and malic enzyme, have been shown to be influenced by selection in other teleost species. This approach is also useful in identifying allozyme loci (or other genetic markers) that meet assumptions for population genetic study.
KeywordsDirectional selection Neutrality Oncorhynchus Population structure
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A.A. is funded by a UCOP postdoctoral fellowship. This manuscript has benefited from comments and discussion from J. C. Garza, K. P. Kamer, C. Lemaire, and two anonymous reviewers.
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