Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 221–238 | Cite as

Recycling and Waste Diversion Effectiveness: Evidence from Canada



In this paper, we investigate the relationship between recycling policy options and recycling behavior to study the most effective methods of diverting post-consumer waste from landfills. We employ data from a unique, micro-data set collected from households in communities across Ontario, Canada. We estimate the relationships between several commonly recycled materials (newsprint, glass, plastics, aluminum cans, tin cans, cardboard, and toxic chemicals) and individual household characteristics, recycling program attributes, and garbage collection financing methods. We find that user fees on garbage collection have significant impacts on recycling levels for all materials except toxic chemicals, and mandatory recycling programs on particular items have significant effects on recycling for almost all materials. Limits on the amount of garbage that can be placed at the curb, and providing free units under user fee systems, however, generally have a negligible or detrimental impact on recycling.


environmental policy household waste ordered probit recycling user fees 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economics, SASIT, Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional StudiesYork UniversityNorth YorkCanada
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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