Education and Information Technologies

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 805–816 | Cite as

Gender differences in attitudes towards learning oral skills using technology

  • Jibrel Harb
  • Nadzrah Abu Bakar
  • Pramela Krish


This paper reports a quantitative study on gender differences in attitudes when learning oral skills via technology. The study was conducted at Tafila Technical University, Jordan, with 70 female and 30 male students, to find out if female students are better and faster in learning a language than male. Specifically, it seeks to investigate differences in attitudes between females and males in terms of practicality, confidence and anxiety. The results of the study show that there were no significant differences between female and male students when comparing the pre- and post-test mean scores. Both genders establish the same levels of attitudes before and after undergoing this course, which suggests that the exposure to language learning using technology did not contribute to any significant gender inequality. The paired sample t-test results showed improved attitudes toward learning oral skills in both females and males. The study also indicates female and male improvement in the anxiety dimension showing that their initial strong apprehension toward this course was greatly reduced at the end of the course. In terms of confidence, female showed better enhanced confidence level than male at the end of the course.


Gender differences Practicality Confidence Anxiety Computer technology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jibrel Harb
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nadzrah Abu Bakar
    • 3
  • Pramela Krish
    • 3
  1. 1.UKMBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.National University of MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.School of Languages and Linguistics/ National University of MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

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