LYP, a novel bestatin derivative, inhibits cell growth and suppresses APN/CD13 activity in human ovarian carcinoma cells more potently than bestatin
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LYP is a bestatin dimethylaminoethyl ester which inhibits aminopeptidase N (APN/CD13). Our goal in this study was to evaluate LYP as a candidate compound for cancer treatment, beginning by studying its inhibitory effects on tumors and then comparing it to bestatin. Experiments were performed on human ovarian carcinoma (OVCA) ES-2 and SKOV-3 cell lines, which have high and low levels of APN/CD13 respectively. LYP effectively inhibited ES-2 cell growth as estimated by the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and the trypan blue dye-exclusion test. LYP significantly suppressed APN/CD13 activity on the surface of ES-2 cells as measured by quantifying the enzymatic cleavage of the substrate L-leucine-p-nitroanilide. The inhibitory effects of LYP were greater than those of bestatin at the same concentrations. In contrast, LYP was a weak inhibitor of SKOV-3 cell growth, suggesting that LYP may inhibit ES-2 cell growth via suppression of APN/CD13. Inhibition of APN/CD13 expression was also demonstrated with immunofluorescent flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. Inhibitory effects of LYP were confirmed by using a mouse model in which LYP delayed the growth of ES-2 xenografts in mice after 2 weeks of LYP injections. Inhibition of APN/CD13 expression was demonstrated in the ES-2 xenografts using Western blot analysis. The inhibitory effects of LYP on the ES-2 xenografts were stronger than those of bestatin. These results suggest that LYP has a powerful inhibitory effect on the growth of OVCA cells and that the mechanism may be via a decrease in the expression of APN/CD13.
KeywordsAminopeptidase N (APN/CD13) Ovarian carcinoma (OVCA) LYP Bestatin Growth inhibition
This project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (30973550) and Shandong Provincial Foundation for Natural Science (Y2008C07). This work was also supported by Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Laboratory Services, Canada.
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