Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp 79–87 | Cite as

Guidelines for clinical electroretinography in the dog: 2012 update

  • Björn Ekesten
  • András M. Komáromy
  • Ron Ofri
  • Simon M. Petersen-Jones
  • Kristina Narfström
ISCEV Standards


The full-field, flash electroretinogram (ERG) is now a widely used test of canine retinal function for the clinical diagnosis of hereditary retinal dystrophies and other causes of retinal degeneration, assessment of retinal function in patients with opaque media, ruling out of generalized retinal diseases in patients with sudden loss of vision and in ophthalmological research, as well as in pharmaceutical and toxicological screening for deleterious side effects of drugs and other chemical compounds. In 2002, the first guidelines for clinical ERGs in this species adopted by the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists were published. This work provides an update of these guidelines.


Canine Standard Protocol ERG Rods Cones Retina 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Björn Ekesten
    • 1
  • András M. Komáromy
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ron Ofri
    • 4
  • Simon M. Petersen-Jones
    • 2
  • Kristina Narfström
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical SciencesUniversity of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Small Animal Clinical SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Koret School of Veterinary MedicineHebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  5. 5.College of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbiaUSA

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