Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 122, Issue 2, pp 71–75 | Cite as

The repeatability of the Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer for measuring cone adaptation

  • Allannah J. Gaffney
  • Alison M. Binns
  • Tom H. Margrain
Original Research Article


To assess the inter-session repeatability of the Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer for the measurement of cone dark adaptation in a population of healthy subjects. Data were obtained from 31 healthy adults (mean age 21.5 ± 2.5) on 2 days. At each visit, pupils were dilated and a 96% bleach of cone photopigment was administered to the test eye before threshold was monitored continuously for 5 min in the dark using the Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer. A single exponential function was fitted to the threshold recovery data on a least squares basis. The coefficient of repeatability (CoR) was calculated to assess the repeatability of the time constant of recovery (τ), initial threshold and final threshold. Cone dark adaptation functions were successfully recorded from all subjects on both visits. The CoR was 79.48 s for τ, 0.71 log cdm−2 for the initial threshold, and 0.58 log cdm−2 for the final threshold. Paired samples t-tests showed that there were no significant differences between visits for any of the parameters assesed. Although the Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer was capable of monitoring the rapid changes in threshold that occur during cone dark adaptation, the CoR for τ was relatively large compared to the mean recovery time constants (126.48 ± 40.33 and 119.94 ± 33.25 s at the first and second visits, respectively). This indicates that the Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer is unlikely to be a useful instrument to chart changes in an individual’s vision over time.


Goldmann-Weekers adaptometer Cone dark adaptation Repeatability 



This study was funded by a research grant from The College of Optometrists, UK. We would like to thank Katie Kenny for her help with data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allannah J. Gaffney
    • 1
  • Alison M. Binns
    • 1
  • Tom H. Margrain
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Optometry and Vision SciencesCardiff UniversityCathays, CardiffUK

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