What is to be done? Reflections on Brian Palmer’s ‘Approaching Working-Class History as Struggle’

  • Sally A. Weller


This commentary focuses on three issues: definitions of class, visions of the future, and notion of false consciousness. It argues that contemporary conditions call for the rebuilding of solidarity based on grounded engagement with actually existing circumstances.


Class Futures False consciousness 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.


  1. Bourdieu, P. 1986. Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Butler, J., E. Laclau, and S. Žižek. 2000. Contingency, hegemony, universality. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. Evans, G., and J. Tilley. 2017. The new politics of class: The political exclusion of the British working class. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gibson-Graham, J.K. 2006. A postcapitalist politics. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  5. Gramsci, A. 1971. Selections from the prison notebooks trans. Q. Hoare & G. Nowell-Smith. New York: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  6. Hardt, M., and A. Negri. 2005. Multitude: War and democracy in the age of empire. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  7. Klein, N. 2014. This changes everything: Capitalism vs. the climate. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  8. Lefebvre, H. 1991. The production of space (trans. D. Nicholson-smith). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  9. Lenin, V. 1969. What is to be done? Burning questions of our movement. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. Sayer, A. 2005. The moral significance of class. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Scott, A. 1990. Ideology and the new social movements. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  12. Žižek, S. 1999. The ticklish subject: The absent centre of political ontology. London: Verso.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Religion Politics and SocietyAustralian Catholic UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations