The new constitution and the paradox of Kurdish problem
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The promise of a new constitution has had a privileged place in the ruling Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) agenda since 2002. Turkey’s current constitution that was prepared by the military junta in 1982 has ruled the country under a militaristic straightjacket for the past three decades. When the AKP came to power, complaints about the 1982 Constitution had given way to mass demands in the country for constitutional reform under the facilitating influence of Turkey’s European Union Accession Process. Between 2002 and 2005, the AKP passed some reforms that the EU demanded in the fields of political liberalization and the enhancement of freedom of expression. Included in these were also certain legal arrangements to open some space for democratic deliberation of the Kurdish issue—such as the total lifting of the State of Emergency Rule (1987–2002) in Kurdish provinces, the abolition of semi-military State Security Courts, limited TV broadcast in Kurdish and Kurdish language...