Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 113–122 | Cite as

CircScd1 Promotes Fatty Liver Disease via the Janus Kinase 2/Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 5 Pathway

  • Peifei Li
  • Keshu Shan
  • Yi Liu
  • Yu Zhang
  • Lu Xu
  • Lei XuEmail author
Original Article



Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases in affluent countries. Recent studies have reported that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are important regulators of hepatic steatosis. However, the role and mechanism of circRNA in NAFLD are poorly understood.


This study is to reveal the role and mechanism of circRNA in NAFLD.


Through NAFLD-related circRNA microarrays, we used real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to screen circScd1 levels in control and test groups of mice fed a high-fat diet. RNA interference and over-expression plasmid vectors were used to manipulate the expression of circScd1, and the biological effects were evaluated by oil red staining, triglyceride detection, and western blot analysis.


CircScd1 expression was significantly lower in NAFLD tissues than in control tissues. Moreover, over-expression of circScd1 significantly inhibited the formation of lipid droplets. Western blot analyses showed that the protein levels of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) were significantly increased. However, knockdown of circScd1 significantly promoted the degree of hepatocellular lipidosis and reduced the expression levels of JAK2 and STAT5.


Aberrant expression of circScd1 affects the extent of hepatocellular lipidosis in NAFLD and promotes fatty liver disease via the JAK2/STAT5 pathway.


CircScd1 Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Steatosis Janus kinase 2 Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 



Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease


Janus kinase 2


Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5


Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis


Standard diet


Fed with high-fat diet


Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium


Fetal bovine serum


Palmitic acid


Bovine serum albumin


Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction


Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase


Small interfering RNA


Standard deviation



This work was supported by the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. LQ18H160015 to P.L. and LY13H030012 to L.X.), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81300703 to L.X.), and the Ningbo Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 2015A610183 and 2015A610178).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peifei Li
    • 1
  • Keshu Shan
    • 1
  • Yi Liu
    • 1
  • Yu Zhang
    • 2
  • Lu Xu
    • 2
  • Lei Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyNingbo First HospitalNingboChina
  2. 2.Ningbo University School of MedicineNingboChina

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