A Positive Correlation Between Gastric and Esophageal Dysmotility Suggests Common Causality
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Gastric and esophageal dysmotility syndromes are some of the most common motility diagnoses, but little is known about their interrelationship.
The aim of our study was to determine if a correlation exists between gastric and esophageal dysmotility syndromes.
We reviewed the records of all patients who underwent both solid gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) and high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) within a 2 year period, with both done between August 2012 and August 2017. All GESs were classified as either rapid, normal, or delayed. All HRMs were classified according to the Chicago Classification 3.0. Correlations were assessed using Fisher’s exact test and multiple logistic regression.
In total, 482 patients met inclusion criteria. Of patients with a normal, delayed, and rapid GES, 53.1, 64.5, and 77.3% had an abnormal HRM, respectively (p < 0.05 vs. normal GES). Likewise, patients with an abnormal HRM were more likely to have an abnormal GES (54.9 vs. 41.8%, p = 0.005). Multiple logistic regression showed abnormal GES [odds ratio (OR) 2.14], age (OR 1.013), scleroderma (OR 6.29), and dysphagia (OR 2.63) were independent predictors of an abnormal HRM. Likewise, an abnormal HRM (OR 2.11), diabetes (OR 1.85), heart or lung transplantation (OR 2.61), and autonomic dysfunction (OR 2.37) were independent predictors of an abnormal GES.
The correlation between an abnormal GES and HRM argues for common pathogenic mechanisms of these motility disorders, and possibly common future treatment options. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for another motility disorder if one is present.
KeywordsGastroparesis Gastric emptying Esophageal motility disorder Diabetes mellitus Lung transplantation Enteric nervous system
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.