Retreatment Efficacy of Sofosbuvir/Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir + Ribavirin for Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 4 Patients
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The current standard of care for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a combination of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). However, rare clinical trials have been reported on the combination regimen of sofosbuvir (SOF) with ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir (OBV/PTV/r) plus ribavirin (RBV) for treated patients with HCV genotype 4 (GT4) infection.
To clarify the retreatment efficacy and safety of the recent regimen, SOF with OBV/PTV/r + RBV, for chronic HCV GT4-experienced patients who failed treatment with DAA-based regimens.
A total of 113 treatment-experienced patients were allocated for the completion of their treatment period. The enrolled patients were treated orally with SOF plus a fixed dose combination of OBV/PTV/r + RBV, which was administered orally based on the patients’ tolerability. The primary end point was a sustained virological response (HCV RNA < 15 IU/mL), observed 12 weeks after the end of the treatment (SVR12).
Among all patients, the treatment-experienced patients with SOF plus OBV/PTV/r + RBV had a higher SVR12 rate (97%; 109/113). Further, SVR12 was achieved by 98% (81/83) of non-cirrhotic patients and 93% (28/30) of cirrhotic patients. Additionally, the most common adverse events reported included fatigue, headache, insomnia, nausea, and dyspnea.
The recent multi-targeted regimen of SOF plus OBV/PTV/r + RBV was well tolerated and achieved excellent SVR rates among retreatment-experienced Egyptian patients with prior DAA treatments failure, thus providing an alternative regimen for the retreatment of difficult-to-cure HCV GT4 patients.
KeywordsEgyptian patients Sofosbuvir Ombitasvir Paritaprevir Ritonavir Ribavirin
The authors acknowledge with grateful appreciation to the staff member of the National Treatment Centers in Beni-Suef, Egypt. We thank the patients and their families, as well as Mss/Asmaa Mahmoud Gaber for her generous help in figures preparation.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
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