Abdominal Fat Accumulation, as Measured by Computed Tomography, Increases the Risk of Ischemic Colitis: A Retrospective Case–Control Study
Background and Aim
Visceral fat contributes to insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. We retrospectively investigated whether abdominal fat accumulation, as measured by computed tomography, is a risk of ischemic colitis and related clinical outcomes.
Materials and Methods
Outpatient-onset ischemic colitis patients (n = 58) and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 58) underwent colonoscopy and computed tomography. Associations between body mass index, visceral adipose tissue area, subcutaneous adipose tissue area, and ischemic colitis were estimated using odds ratios adjusted for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia.
In multivariate analysis, ischemic colitis was significantly associated with subcutaneous adipose tissue area (P for trend 0.030) and marginally associated with visceral adipose tissue area (P for trend 0.094), but was not associated with body mass index (P for trend 0.460). The adjusted odds ratios for the highest quartile of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue in ischemic colitis were 3.48 (1.06–11.4) and 2.43 (0.74–8.00), respectively, compared with the lowest quartile. When body mass index was considered simultaneously, ischemic colitis remained associated with subcutaneous adipose tissue (P for trend 0.016) and visceral adipose tissue (P for trend 0.077). No significant differences were noted between any of the obesity indices and the distribution type of colitis, blood transfusion requirement, or length of hospital stay.
Abdominal fat accumulation measured by computed tomography, but not body mass index, was associated with outpatient-onset ischemic colitis. Ischemic colitis remained associated with abdominal fat, even when body mass index was simultaneously considered. However, clinical outcomes of ischemic colitis were not associated with abdominal fat accumulation.
KeywordsAbdominal visceral fat Metabolic syndrome Acute large bowel ischemia Computed tomography Body mass index
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Subcutaneous adipose tissue
Visceral adipose tissue
This study was partly supported by the Medicine for Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; Health and Labour Sciences Research Grants; a grant for Comprehensive Research on Life-Style Related Diseases including Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes Mellitus (H25-016) from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan; and grants for research and development from the National Center for Global Health and Medicine. We thank Hisae Kawashiro, Sawako Iijima, Yoko Tanigawa, Aiko Gotanda, and Yaeko Sawada for help with data collection.
Conflict of interest
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