Diosgenin inhibits Wnt/β-catenin pathway to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of MG-63 cells

Abstract

Dioscorea opposita Thunb has the effect of anti-osteoporosis, but whether its active ingredient diosgenin (DIO) has an anti-osteoporosis effect is unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of DIO on the proliferation and differentiation of MG-63 cells. MG-63 cells were treated with different concentrations of DIO (0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 μM) or 20 mM Wnt/β-catenin signaling agonist-LiCl, and then their cell cycle and viability were analyzed by flow cytometry and 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), respectively. To investigate osteoblast differentiation, alizarin red staining and ultraviolet spectrophotometer were used to determine the number of calcified nodules and the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), respectively. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were used to detect the expressions of proliferation-related, osteogenic-related and Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway-related factors. After the cells were treated with low-concentration (0.001 or 0.01 μM) DIO, cell viability was significantly increased and the proportion of cells in S phase was increased. In addition, low-concentration DIO could significantly increase the expression of Ki67, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), osteopontin (OPN), and osteocalcin (BGP), promote osteoblast differentiation, and suppress the expression of β-catenin, Runx2 and cyclinD1. However, high concentrations of DIO showed the opposite effect. Low-concentration DIO obviously reversed the effect of LiCl on decreasing the number of calcified nodules and inhibiting the expression of OPN and BGP in cells. Low-concentration DIO might promote the proliferation and differentiation of MG-63 cell by inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway.

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Correspondence to Zenghui Gu.

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Ge, Y., Ding, S., Feng, J. et al. Diosgenin inhibits Wnt/β-catenin pathway to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of MG-63 cells. Cytotechnology (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10616-021-00454-7

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Keywords

  • Diosgenin
  • Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway
  • Proliferation
  • Differentiation
  • MG-63 cell