, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 861–871 | Cite as

Panax ginseng extract modulates oxidative stress, DNA fragmentation and up-regulate gene expression in rats sub chronically treated with aflatoxin B1 and fumonisin B1

  • Aziza M. Hassan
  • Sekena H. Abdel-Aziem
  • Aziza A. El-Nekeety
  • Mosaad A. Abdel-Wahhab
Original Research


Aflatoxins and fumonisins are important food-borne mycotoxins implicated in human health and have cytotoxic effects. The aims of the current study were to evaluate the protective role of Panax ginseng extract (PGE) against the synergistic effect of subchronic administration of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) on DNA and gene expression in rat. Female Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into eight groups (ten rats/group) and treated for 12 weeks including the control group, the group having received AFB1 (80 µg/kg bw), the group having received FB1 (100 µg/kg bw), the group having received AFB1 plus FB1 and the groups having received PGE (20 mg/kg bw) alone or with AFB1 and/or FB1. At the end of experiment, liver and kidney were collected for the determination of DNA fragmentation, lipid peroxidation (LP), glutathione (GSH) contents and alterations in gene expression. The results indicated that these mycotoxins increased DNA fragmentation, LP and decreased GSH content in liver and kidney and down-regulated gene expression of antioxidants enzymes. The combined treatments with AFB1 and/or FB1 plus PGE suppressed DNA fragmentation only in the liver, normalized LP and increased GSH in the liver and kidney as well as up-regulated the expression of GPx, SOD1 and CAT mRNA. It could be concluded that AFB1 and FB1 have synergistic genotoxic effects. PGE induced protective effects against their oxidative stress and genotoxicity through its antioxidant properties.


Aflatoxins Fumonisin Panax ginseng DNA fragmentation Gene Expressions Mycotoxins 



This work was supported by the National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt Project # S90402.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aziza M. Hassan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sekena H. Abdel-Aziem
    • 1
  • Aziza A. El-Nekeety
    • 3
  • Mosaad A. Abdel-Wahhab
    • 3
  1. 1.Cell Biology DepartmentNational Research CenterDokki, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Biotechnology Department, Faculty of ScienceTaif UniversityTaifKSA
  3. 3.Food Toxicology and Contaminants DepartmentNational Research CenterDokki, CairoEgypt

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