, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 437–445 | Cite as

Harvest site influences the growth properties of adipose derived stem cells

  • Patricia E. Engels
  • Mathias Tremp
  • Paul J. Kingham
  • Pietro G. di Summa
  • René D. Largo
  • Dirk J. Schaefer
  • Daniel F. Kalbermatten
Original Research


The therapeutic potential of adult stem cells may become a relevant option in clinical care in the future. In hand and plastic surgery, cell therapy might be used to enhance nerve regeneration and help surgeons and clinicians to repair debilitating nerve injuries. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are found in abundant quantities and can be harvested with a low morbidity. In order to define the optimal fat harvest location and detect any potential differences in ASC proliferation properties, we compared biopsies from different anatomical sites (inguinal, flank, pericardiac, omentum, neck) in Sprague–Dawley rats. ASCs were expanded from each biopsy and a proliferation assay using different mitogenic factors, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was performed. Our results show that when compared with the pericardiac region, cells isolated from the inguinal, flank, omental and neck regions grow significantly better in growth medium alone. bFGF significantly enhanced the growth rate of ASCs isolated from all regions except the omentum. PDGF had minimal effect on ASC proliferation rate but increases the growth of ASCs from the neck region. Analysis of all the data suggests that ASCs from the neck region may be the ideal stem cell sources for tissue engineering approaches for the regeneration of nervous tissue.


Growth factor ASC Proliferation Stem cell Tissue engineering 


Conflict of interest

No competing financial interests exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia E. Engels
    • 1
  • Mathias Tremp
    • 1
  • Paul J. Kingham
    • 3
  • Pietro G. di Summa
    • 2
  • René D. Largo
    • 1
  • Dirk J. Schaefer
    • 1
  • Daniel F. Kalbermatten
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University Hospital BaselUniversity BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryCHUV, University Hospital of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section of AnatomyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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