Evaluating osteochondral defect repair potential of autologous rabbit bone marrow cells on type II collagen scaffold
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The feasibility of using genipin cross-linked type II collagen scaffold with rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (RBMSCs) to repair cartilage defect was herein studied. Induction of RBMSCs into chondrocytic phenotype on type II collagen scaffold in vitro was conducted using TGF-β 3 containing medium. After 3-weeks of induction, chondrocytic behavior, including marker genes expression and specific extracellular matrix (ECM) secretion, was observed. In the in vivo evaluation experiment, the scaffolds containing RBMSCs without prior induction were autologous implanted into the articular cartilage defects made by subchondral drilling. The repairing ability was evaluated. After 2 months, chondrocyte-like cells with lacuna structure and corresponding ECM were found in the repaired sites without apparent inflammation. After 24 weeks, we could easily find cartilage structure the same with normal cartilage in the repair site. In conclusion, it was shown that the scaffolds in combination of in vivo conditions can induce RBMSCs into chondrocytes in repaired area and would be a possible method for articular cartilage repair in clinic and cartilage tissue engineering.
KeywordsCartilage defect Type II collagen scaffold Rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells Chondrocyte-like cells In vivo
This research is supported by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan, under the Technology Development Program for Academia grant 91-EC-17-A-17-S1-0009.
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